Quick Answer: What Is Disaster Management Class 9?

What is disaster simple words?

A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources.

Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins..

What is natural disaster short note?

A natural disaster is a major adverse event caused by the natural processes of the Earth, consisting of floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis and other geologic processes. … And often human activities also make causes of natural disasters, such as climate change and deforestation.

What are the top 10 natural disasters?

Top 10 deadliest natural disasters in history(TIE) The A.D. 1138 Aleppo earthquake. … (TIE) The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. … The 1976 Tangshan earthquake. … The A.D. 526 Antioch earthquake. … The 1920 Haiyuan earthquake. … (TIE) The 1839 Coringa cyclone. … (TIE) The 1881 Haiphong typhoon. … The 2010 Haiti earthquake.More items…•

What are the 5 natural disasters?

Natural Disasters: Earthquakes, Hurricanes, Volcanoes, Tsunamis, Epidemics.

What are the 3 types of disasters?

Findings – Disasters are classified into three types: naturals, man-mades, and hybrid disasters. It is believed that the three disaster types cover all disastrous events.

What are the 4 phases of disaster management?

Emergency managers think of disasters as recurring events with four phases: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery.

How do disasters occur?

Disasters occur because of the intersection of hazard with exposed people and assets that are vulnerable to the hazard. They are characterised by a lack of resilience and poor capacity to cope and respond in the affected area. Without vulnerability there can be no disaster.

What are the 2 types of disasters?

Types of disasters usually fall into two broad categories: natural and man-made. Natural disasters are generally associated with weather and geological events, including extremes of temperature, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and drought.

What is classification of disaster?

The new classification distinguishes two generic disaster groups: natural and technological disasters. The natural disaster category being divided into six disaster groups: Biological, Geophysical, Meteorological, Hydrological, Climatological and Extra-Terrestrial.

What is disaster management and its types?

Disaster management is how we deal with the human, material, economic or environmental impacts of said disaster, it is the process of how we “prepare for, respond to and learn from the effects of major failures”. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins.

What is disaster management introduction?

Depending on the intensity and severity of the disaster the normal needs and processes are badly affected and deteriorated. … Disasters are the effect of hazard on vulnerable or defenseless areas. Hazards that occur in areas with low vulnerability do not result in a disaster.

What is disaster management in Wikipedia?

Disaster management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery). The aim is to reduce the harmful effects of all hazards, including disasters.