What Are The Stages Of Felony?

What are the 3 phases of criminal investigation?

Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to: (1) determine if a crime has been committed; (2) identify the perpetrator; (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court..

What is the highest level of felony?

A class A felony and a level 1 felony are considered the highest class – or worst felony – and carry the most severe punishments. Criminal codes at both the state and the federal levels categorize felony crimes by seriousness, with the first class or level being the most severe.

How does a criminal case start?

A criminal case usually gets started with a police arrest report. The prosecutor then decides what criminal charges to file, if any. Some cases go to a preliminary hearing, where a judge decides if there is enough evidence to proceed. Cases can also start when a grand jury issues a criminal indictment.

Which side goes first in a criminal trial?

prosecuting attorneyThe side bringing the case is the side that bears the burden of proof, and thus always goes first. This is the prosecuting attorney in a criminal case, or the plaintiff in a civil case. The defense then follows with their opening statement.

What kind of cases are criminal cases?

The most common types of criminal defense cases that we handle are drug cases, domestic violence cases, DUI cases, public intoxication and disorderly conduct cases, and assault and battery cases. We also commonly handle cases involving property crimes such as shoplifting, theft, grand larceny and damage to property.

Is your life over after a felony?

Being convicted of a felony doesn’t mean the end of your life. It may make things more difficult for you but your life isn’t over. … Being convicted of a felony doesn’t mean the end of your life. It may make things more difficult for you but your life isn’t over.

What is worse than a felony?

A misdemeanor is a less serious crime than a felony. Felonies are the most serious crimes you can commit and have long jail or prison sentences, fines, or permanent loss of freedoms. Misdemeanors usually involve jail time, smaller fines, and temporary punishments.

What are the stages of a criminal case?

Important steps in the federal criminal process:Investigation.Charging.Initial Hearing/Arraignment.Discovery.Plea Bargaining.Preliminary Hearing.Pre-Trial Motions.Trial.More items…

What happens first in a trial?

Once the trial begins, both the prosecution and defense will give opening statements in court. The statements provide an outline of what the case is about and what each side is trying to prove. Since the burden of proof is on the state, the prosecution presents their case and all of their evidence first.

Who bears the burden of proof?

There are different standards in different circumstances. For example, in criminal cases, the burden of proving the defendant’s guilt is on the prosecution, and they must establish that fact beyond a reasonable doubt. In civil cases, the plaintiff has the burden of proving his case by a preponderance of the evidence.

Do all police reports go to the prosecutor?

Not all police reports result in an arrest. A report is evaluated by the police before they pass it on to the prosecutor. After review by the police it can be held by the police to see if this is a reoccurring problem or it can be sent to the prosecutor’s office.

Which is worse class A or D felony?

In general, Class A felony crimes are the most severe and violent of felony crimes, and Class D crimes, while still felonies, are minor in comparison to the other classes of crimes.

What are the classification of felonies?

Some states use a “class” designation, such as A, B, C, and so on; others use “levels,” such as 1, 2, 3 and the like. Class A and level 1 felonies are the most serious, class B and level 2 are less so, and so on. States group their felonies in order to assign punishment on an orderly basis.

What are the 8 stages of a criminal trial?

The 8 Steps of Criminal ProceedingsStep 1: Arrest. An arrest is the initial stage in the criminal process in which an individual accused of a crime is taken into custody. … Step 2: Charges. … Step 3: Arraignment. … Step 4: Pretrial Proceedings. … Step 5: Trial. … Step 6: Verdict. … Step 7: Sentencing. … Step 8: Appeal.

What is a weak criminal case?

Signs a Criminal Case is Weak: There was No Probable Cause to Arrest. For an arrest to be legal, law enforcement must provide probable cause that the person they’re arresting is guilty of committing a crime.

What is the lowest class felony?

Class 1 felonies generally carry steep penalties, such as lengthy jail terms and exorbitant criminal fines. In comparison, a Class 4 felony is the lowest ranked felony group, often the next level up from misdemeanor crimes. While a Class 4 felony is a serious offense, it is not as serious as a Class 1 or 2 felony.

What are the 7 types of crime?

7 Different Types of CrimesCrimes Against Persons. Crimes against persons also called personal crimes, include murder, aggravated assault, rape, and robbery. … Crimes Against Property. … Hate Crimes. … Crimes Against Morality. … White-Collar Crime.

How bad is a felony 5?

Significance. The “5” in felony 5 defines the degree of seriousness of the crime that was committed. A felony 5 charge carries potential jail time but is much less serious than a felony 1, which is reserved for the most serious crimes.